2017. July 11. 14:15
Building F, Entrance III, seminar room
Department of Theoretical Physics
Lecturer: Dimi Culcer (UNSW Sydney)
Abstract: Electrical control of quantum bits could pave the way for scalable quantum computation. An acceptor spin qubit in Si, based on spin-3/2 holes, can be controlled by electrical means using a gate electrode, which offers fast one- and two-qubit rotations and long coherence times at certain sweet spots. The relaxation time T1, while allowing >10^5 operations, is the primary limiting factor. I will show that, due to the interplay of the Td symmetry of the acceptor in the Si lattice and the spin-3/2 characteristic of hole systems, an applied in-plane magnetic field strongly enhances the performance and coherence properties of the qubit. An appropriate choice of magnetic field orientation leads to a near-total suppression of spin relaxation as well as full tunability of two-qubit operations in a parameter regime in which dephasing due to charge fluctuations can be eliminated. Interestingly for spintronic applications, an extreme in-plane anisotropy exists such that the in-plane g-factor can vanish under certain circumstances.